General information on Lefkada
Lefkada is the fourth largest island of the Ionian Islands. It is connected with Aitoloakarnania with an approximately 20m-long floating bridge, which makes it easily accessible by car. This is because its shores are at a very close distance to those of mainland Greece, separated by the historic strait of Drepano Its area is 302.5 m2 and it currently counts approximately 23,000 residents. Along with the little islands Meganissi, Kalamos, Kastos, Skorpios, Skorpidi, Madouri, Sparti, Thilia, Kythros and other, smaller ones, it constitutes one administrative unit, the Prefecture of Lefkada.
The climate of the island is Mediterranean. The winter is mild but rainy and summer is warm with cool winds.
The ground of Lefkada is 70% mountainous. On its western side there are many long, sandy beaches. There are also narrow plateaus, fertile valleys, canyons with rich vegetation. Its flora includes: olive trees, vineyards, cypresses, a variety of pine trees, a special variety of oaks, aromatic herbs and rare flowers.
The island has several fountains, such as the renowned fountains of Kerasia, Sivros, small waterfalls such as Dimosaris in the wider area of Nidri and beautiful canyons such as the ones in Melissa, Sfakiotes and in Charadiatika.
Wetlands important for many varieties of birds are found in the two lagoons of Lefkada, in the northern part of the island.
The morphology of the coastal area of Lefkada is rich. It consists of an impressive coastline, peninsulas, capes, the most outstanding of which is the Lefkata Cape, excellent natural ports, such as those in Vlichos, Sivota and Rouda in the eastern part of Lefkada and in Vassiliki in its southern part.